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滅蟲王 = 潔淨無菌環境

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Pest Control & Cleaning Service

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常見害蟲種類 Pest Type

床蝨 Bedbug

  是一種強制性吸血昆蟲.首選棲息地是

房子的床板,尤其是病床或其他公共地

方的床。主要活動時間在夜間,亦可以

在宿主不留意下吸取宿主的血液。床蝨

易惹難滅,一旦發現床蝨存在,必須迅速

治理.

名稱:床蝨或臭蟲       

體形:呈寬扁長的橢圓形

顏色:未吸血前灰色,吸血後呈深啡色

身長:成蟲約四至五毫米

壽命:九至十八個月

繁殖:一年六至七代

生長地方:床褥、衣物、地板及牆角裂縫

被咬徵狀:皮膚紅腫及痕癢

  The name "bed bug" derives from the preferred habitat of Cimex lectularius: warm houses and especially nearby or inside of beds and bedding or other sleep areas. Bed bugs are mainly active at night, but are not exclusively nocturnal. They usually feed on their hosts without being noticed.

  A number of adverse health effects may result from bed bug bites, including skin rashes, psychological effects, and allergic symptoms.They are not known to transmit any pathogens as disease vectors. Certain signs and symptoms suggest the presence of bed bugs; finding the insects confirms the diagnosis.

Bed bugs have been known as human parasites for thousands of years. At a point in the early 1940s, they were mostly eradicated in the developed world, but have increased in prevalence since 1995, likely due to pesticide resistance. Because infestation of human habitats has been on the increase, bed bug bites and related conditions have been on the rise as well.

白蟻 Termite

  香港最常見的白蟻種類是家白蟻,契其破壞力

甚為驚人。我們要留意週圍的環境,有否出現以

下踪跡:

  一群群飛行昆蟲在週圍出現

  在窗及門附近發現已脫落的翅膀

  在牆壁上發現泥路、在牆壁出現混有木屑的

  污穢物體

  地下已破爛的木地板有翹梭的情況或有空心的聲音

白 蟻 的 威 力
  白蟻愛吃樹木是人所共知,但白蟻能侵蛀磚頭、地下電纜、穿越

泥、破壞水壩等卻不是為太多人知道和理解,但卻是不爭的事實。
  白蟻侵蛀家居破壞極大,可以在極短時間內蝕蛀木質或纖維物品。所以
一不小心,美好的家庭可以頓成「危樓」。在美國每年因白蟻所引致的損失,比火災、風災及地震損失的總和更大。連自由神像亦曾被白蟻侵

蝕,可見白蟻兵團之厲害

  Owing to their wood-eating habits, many termite species can do great damage to unprotected buildings and other wooden structures. Their habit of remaining concealed often results in their presence being undetected until the timbers are severely damaged and exhibit surface changes. Once termites have entered a building, they do not limit themselves to wood; they also damage paper, cloth, carpets, and other cellulosic materials. Particles taken from soft plastics, plaster, rubber, and sealants such as silicone rubber and acrylics are often employed in gallery construction. Humans have moved many wood-eating species between continents, but have also caused drastic population decline in others through habitat loss and pesticide application.

  Termites are commonly viewed as pests in many countries, because of the damage they can cause to structures and similar nuisances. In April 2011, wood-eating termites were blamed for reportedly consuming more than $220,000 worth of Indian rupee notes.
 

蟑螂 Cockroach

  蟑螂(曱甴)可算是歷史最悠久的害蟲,根據化石考究,它在三億五千萬年前已於地球上存在,蟑螂對環境的適應力很強,無論在任何國家,任何角落,都可找到牠們的蹤影。現在全世界約有4000多種,由於其適應力極強,故對付蟑螂亦非常困難。
蟑螂之起居
  美國蟑螂:體形龐大,身長約1.5吋,翅膀非常發達,喜歡於室外陰暗潮濕處活動,垃圾房及污水渠是牠們的聚居地。

  德國蟑螂:體長半吋左右,雖名為德國蟑螂,但其原產地卻可能是非洲。德國蟑螂愛棲身溫暖潮濕處,廚房、廁所是他們聚居之地。牠們喜歡群居,除非繁殖極多又或是缺水缺糧,牠們多數只在夜間覓食。

   Cockroaches are one of the most commonly noted household pest insects. They feed on human and pet food and can leave an offensive odor. They can also passively transport microbes on their body surfaces including those that are potentially dangerous to humans, particularly in

environments such as hospitals. Cockroaches are linked with allergic reactions in humans.One of the proteins that triggers allergic reactions is tropomyosin.These allergens are also linked with asthma.

General preventive measures against household pests include keeping all water and food stored away in sealed containers, using garbage cans with tight lids, frequent cleaning in the kitchen, and regular vacuuming. Any water leaks, such as dripping taps, should also be repaired. It is also helpful to seal off any entry points, such as holes around baseboards, between kitchen cabinets, pipes, doors, and windows with some steel wool or copper mesh and some cement, putty or silicone caulk.

 

 

木蟲

原是甲蟲類,因卵子在木頭內孵化成一條幼蟲而得名。木頭內的幼蟲們會不停地啃咬,各自打造通道,走出外面探究世界,使木頭的表面形成一個個的小孔。木蟲也有很多品種,有的大些,挖出來的孔較大;小品種的,挖出來的孔較微少。

木蟲成蟲身長約1/32 至1/4寸,身體呈長而平,通常是呈啡色及黑色。 蛀木蟲的成蟲多在木材的粗糙面的管孔或裂縫中產卵,孵化的幼蟲,開始蛀食木材內部,將木材蛀食成曲折孔道,表面留有蟲孔,並從圓孔中掉落粉未狀的排泄物。

木蟲的破壞能力不及白蟻,但若太多孔道,也會破壞木材建築的結構,做成危害和觀瞻。

 

麈蟎House Dust Mite

  夏天將到,潮濕與炎熱正是蟎最活躍的時期。蟎為害之大,主

要因它能直接引發哮喘等敏感病 。
  蟎,可稱為塵埃蟎、家居蟎等。根據基雋滅蟲博士的了解,蟎

大概有15種,而其中5種已證實為引致多種敏感病症的過敏原,

香港常見的蟎主要為美州蟎及歐州蟎。
  蟎經呼吸道進入人體,可以刺激鼻及氣管等黏膜引發各種過敏

病如鼻敏感、哮喘等。而蟎更是引致孩童哮喘病的主要致敏原。
蟎的形態
  蟎體積極細,肉眼不能看見,須在顯微鏡下才能清楚看到。蟎有四對腳,外表有毛、細密或粗皺紋,它的

生命週期可分為卵、蛹、幼蟲(二種)、成蟲5個階段

  The house dust mite (HDM) is a cosmopolitan pyroglyphid that lives in human habitation. Dust mites feed on organic detritus, such as flakes of shed human skin, and flourish in the stable environment of dwellings. House dust mites are a common cause of asthma and allergic symptoms worldwide. The mite's gut contains potent digestive enzymes (notably proteases) that persist in their feces and are major inducers of allergic reactions such as wheezing. The mite's exoskeleton can also contribute to allergic reactions. The European house dust mite (Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus) and the American house dust mite (Dermatophagoides farinae) are two different species, but are not necessarily confined to Europe or North America; a third species Euroglyphus maynei also occurs widely. Unlike scabies mites or skin follicle mites, house dust mites do not burrow under the skin and are not parasitic.
 

衣魚 Firebrat

  又稱銀魚,是常見的蛀衣服蟲。身體細長柔軟,體長約12-18mm,

身體扁平,胸部寬大,尾後有長長的兩條尾毛和一條中央尾絲,仔細

察看,衣魚身上有銀白色的鱗片,是一種古老的總尾目昆蟲,全世界

約有370種。全身布滿銀色鱗片,故又名銀魚(Sliver fish)。成蟲可

活三至四年,是頗為長壽的昆蟲。
  衣魚是一種夜出性的昆蟲,不愛光,生活在陰暗潮濕處,如較潮濕

的衣櫃、廚櫃和書櫃等。因愛食含有澱粉的物品,其在家居的蛀食對

象一般為書籍、紙張、麵包和衣物,是居家重要害蟲之一。

預防衣魚,藏衣之前最好有一些處理過程:
  1. 穿過的衣物在收藏前,一定要先洗淨。
  2. 貴重的絲、毛衣服與手感粗硬的衣服要分箱存放。
  3. 衣櫃內放入防蛀藥品(可選擇無味的)。
  4. 受感染的衣物要先洗淨,曬干后用熨斗熨平,這可將隱藏在衣服縫隙內的蟲卵徹底除滅。也可送洗衣店高溫干洗。
  5. 噴灑殺蟲劑於牆角、縫隙、衣櫃、廚櫃和書架底和背部等之處.若情況嚴重,請向專業滅蟲公司求助。

  Silverfish consume matter that contains polysaccharides, such as starches and dextrin in adhesives. These include book bindings, carpet, clothing, coffee, dandruff, glue, hair, some paints, paper, photos, plaster, and sugar. Silverfish can also cause damage to tapestries. Other substances they may eat include cotton, dead insects, linen, silk, or even its own exuvia (moulted exoskeleton). During famine, a silverfish may even attack leatherware and synthetic fabrics. Silverfis⋯⋯h can live for a year or more without eating.

  Silverfish are considered household pests, due to their consumption and destruction of property.However, although they are responsible for the contamination of food and other types of damage, they do not transmit disease.

Earwigs, house centipedes, and spiders are known to be predators of silverfish.

Silverfish are not harmful to humans and their bite is not strong enough to penetrate human skin. In fact, many of the bites attributed to a silverfish are those made by the house centipede, which is commonly found within the same habitat and looks somewhat similar